The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is the fourth generation Swedish multirole fighter. Developed in the late 1980s and entered service with the Viking Army in 1996. An attractive feature of this compact, lightweight and manoeuvrable fighter is the low operating costs And the cost per flight is 3-4 times less than the modern US fighter like the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, and less cost per flight than NATO fighters. twice the Eurofighter Typhoon and 1.5 times less than the F-16 Block 40/50.
Another interesting feature of the Saab JAS 39 Gripen is the ability to use highways as runways for takeoff. or landing with a shorter running distance the ability to land in wet areas With a short distance of 500 meters, unlike the Eurofighter Typhoon, which requires a long, flat runway, getting the JAS 39 Gripen ready for takeoff takes only 10-20 minutes.
The Saab JAS 39 Gripen can be equipped with NATO missiles and bombs. Including a variety of Western weapons such as: IRIS-T, AIM-9 Sidewinder, A-Darter, MBDA Meteor, AIM-120 AMRAAM, MBDA MICA, AGM-65 Maverick, KEPD .350, RBS-15F, GBU- 12 Paveway II, Mark 82, GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb
The latest fighter, the Saab JAS 39 Gripen E, or JAS 39E, costs $85 million each. Calculated in Thai baht, it will be 2,947,800,000 baht. The new Saab JAS 39 Gripen E is in service with the Swedish and Brazilian Air Forces. The Swedish Air Force currently has 71 JAS 39Cs and is in service with the JAS 39E from piloted aircraft orders. A further 60 aircraft are being chased, while 24 JAS 39Es and four JAS 39Ds have been ordered by the Czech Republic and Hungary.
The Saab Gripen E is an upgraded version of the Gripen C/D multirole fighter. It was developed in the late 1990s as an upgrade of the previous JAS 39 A/B, while the E/F version was. Developed in 2010 to improve and enhance aviation capabilities. performance and weapons systems superior to that of any JAS 39. Saab executives said: “The E-series redefines to air power for the 21st century by expanding operational capabilities.”
The JAS 39 Gripen E is equipped with a new General Electric F414 turbofan engine, 22,000 lb thrust, which allows the Gripen to fly at supersonic speed without the use of rear combustion. (Supercruise) new upgraded airframe Completely new flight system and a highly efficient electronic warfare kit.
The latest JAS 39 E-series fighter has a payload capacity of up to 16,500 kg (16 tons), a top speed of Mach 2 or 2,450 km/h, a range of 3,000 km (long-haul), equipped with new AESA radar, search and tracking system. with infrared (IRST) to track threats at a distance New communication systems include SATCOM, allowing data to be transmitted beyond line-of-sight or line-of-sight capability and UHF video data-link for data transmission with the FAC on the ground during CAS missions.
The Gripen E also features what Saab calls Human-Machine Collaboration (HMC), a combination of Human-Machine Interface (HMI) and tactical systems present only relevant information to the pilot. By filtering all the technical information to make it understandable, pilots save time and take action with near-instantaneous action during flight operations. It is capable of tracking and destroying targets at a distance of up to 130 km. While the Gripen C can carry four Meteor missiles, the Gripen E can carry up to seven. To the short-range IRIS-T infrared guided missile ASRAAM and Python infrared imaging short-range missiles and long-range weapons such as the R Darter. The aircraft can also carry Sidewinder missiles and advanced medium-range air-to-air missiles (AMRAAMs).
The JAS 39 Gripen E carries a variety of air-to-surface weapons, including Mk82, Mk83 and Mk84 bombs, GBU-12, GBU-16 and GBU-10 laser-guided bombs, and advanced bombs such as the GBU-49 and GBU-39. Among the air-to-surface missiles the Gripen E can carry are the MBDA’s RBS15F ER, TAURUS KEPD 350, AGM-65 Maverick and Brimstone (DMB).
The JAS 39 Gripen E is equipped with a 27 mm Mauser BK27 multi-purpose high-velocity airborne machine gun, providing the ability to engage both aircraft and anti-armored vehicles or destroy bunkers.
As a defensive measure, the Gripen-E is equipped with a missile approach warning (MAW) system that can carry more decoys compared to similar fighter aircraft. Helps to increase the ability to survive.
However, what makes the Gripen-E beat competitors from Dassault Rafale and Boeing’s F/A-18 Super Hornet is operating costs and service life. This adds up to a significant increase in the aviation capability created by Saab to transfer high technology to Sweden’s most advanced combat aircraft.
The Gripen-E is almost half the price of a Dassault Rafale fighter jet or Boeing’s F/A-18. Spending an hour flying at $14,000 (US$ 485,940) on Rafale and F/A-18 fighter jets. Moreover, Saab has reportedly offered a more significant level of technology transfer for the fighter to the Air Force. Brazil This, compared to Dassault and Boeing, has become a key factor in helping the Brazilian Air Force reach an agreement with Saab faster.
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